Resuscitators

Resuscitators, from the 1907 Dräger Pulmotor to early bag-valve-mask devices, are shown.

OverviewOverview
Overview
A variety of resuscitation equipment from 1907 through the 1970s is included in this collection.
The PulmotorThe Pulmotor
The Pulmotor
The Dräger Pulmotor was developed in 1907 by Johann Heinrich Dräger. The device, operated by pressurized oxygen, created alternating positive and negative pressure. This early ventilator was initially used as a portable resuscitator in the mining industry.
Image from Dräger
Dräger PulmotorDräger Pulmotor
Dräger Pulmotor
1907 Pulmotor1907 Pulmotor
1907 Pulmotor
Dräger produced their first resuscitator, the Pulmotor, in 1907. The Pulmotor remained in use until the 1940s.
Image from James Sullivan
The Lung MotorThe Lung Motor
The Lung Motor
The Lung Motor, a resuscitator manufactured in Chicago, Illinois by Life Saving Devices Company circa 1910, is from the medical equipment museum of Felix Khusid.
The volume delivered was controlled by the extent to which the handle of the unit was raised and lowered.
Images from Felix Khusid
1912 Draeger Patent1912 Draeger Patent
1912 Draeger Patent
Johann Heinrich Draeger filed a patent application on September 7, 1910 and received the patent from the United States Patent Office on November 12, 1912 for his invention: Method of Causing Artificial Respiration.
1913 Resuscitation Article1913 Resuscitation Article
1913 Resuscitation Article
In 1913, S.H. Cooper authored an article entitled "Restoring the Breath of Life" that promoted the widespread use of the modified pulmotor resuscitator.
Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro
Resuscitator TrainingResuscitator Training
Resuscitator Training
Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro
1920 Artificial Respirator1920 Artificial Respirator
1920 Artificial Respirator
Clarence Heald of Cedar Rapids, Iowa applied for a patent for an "Artificial Respirator" on May 8, 1918. The patent was granted on April 20, 1920.
Resuscitation with CarbogenResuscitation with Carbogen
Resuscitation with Carbogen
In the 1920s, carbon dioxide and oxygen mixtures were often administered during resuscitation efforts.
Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro
H-H InhalatorH-H Inhalator
H-H Inhalator
In 1924, Dr. Yandell Henderson and Dr. Howard W. Haggard invented the H-H Inhalator, a resuscitation device that delivered carbogen "in conjunction with artificial respiration." The device was manufactured by Mine Safety Appliances , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
H-H InhalatorH-H Inhalator
H-H Inhalator
This segment of an H-H Inhalator from the 1920s is owned by Wendy Dunlop.
Image from Wendy Dunlop
Schaefer Prone Pressure MethodSchaefer Prone Pressure Method
Schaefer Prone Pressure Method
Dr. Edward Schaefer introduced the prone pressure method of artificial respiration. The method was recommended for use with the H-H Inhalator.
1940s McKesson Resuscitator1940s McKesson Resuscitator
1940s McKesson Resuscitator
Image from James Sullivan
Kreiselman PatentKreiselman Patent
Kreiselman Patent
Joseph Kreiselman filed a patent application on April 10, 1943 for his resuscitator. The patent was awarded on April 7, 1946.
Kreiselman ResuscitatorKreiselman Resuscitator
Kreiselman Resuscitator
The Kreiselman Resuscitator was designed by Dr. Joseph Kreiselman for use during WWII. Ohio Corporation marketed the resuscitator from the 1940s-1960s.
Image from Marby McKinney
Kreiselman ResuscitatorKreiselman Resuscitator
Kreiselman Resuscitator
The Kreiselman Resuscitator was designed by Dr. Joseph Kreiselman for use during WWII. Ohio Corporation marketed the resuscitator from the 1940s-1960s.
Image from Felix Khusid
Kreiselman ResuscitatorKreiselman Resuscitator
Kreiselman Resuscitator
The accordion-like Kreiselman Resuscitator, manufactured by the Ohio Chemical and Surgical Equipment Company in Madison, Wisconsin., is shown expanded in this view.
Image from Felix Khusid
Kresielman ResuscitatorKresielman Resuscitator
Kreiselman Resuscitator
The identification plate for the Ohio Kreiselman Resuscitator is shown.
Image from Marby McKinney
1946 Bassinet Resucitator1946 Bassinet Resucitator
1946 Bassinet Resucitator
The Ohio-Kreiselman Infant Bassinet Resuscitator combined a bassinet that provided oxygen under positive pressure with an aspirator and a heater.
1947 Emerson Resuscitator1947 Emerson Resuscitator
1947 Emerson Resuscitator
J.H. "Jack" Emerson filed a patent application on February 17, 1945 for a "Pressure Resuscitator." The patent was awarded on October 7, 1947
Emerson ResuscitatorEmerson Resuscitator
Emerson Resuscitator
The Emerson Resuscitator, patented in 1949, offered the dual function of resuscitator and aspirator.

Keith Hirst photographed this Emerson Resuscitator during a visit to the Boothbay Railway Village, Boothbay, Maine.<
Image from Keith Hirst
IT and ResucitationIT and Resucitation
IT and Resucitation
"Inhalation Therapy and Resuscitation" by Meyer Saklad, MD was published in 1953.
1956 Bennett Patent1956 Bennett Patent
1956 Bennett Patent
V. Ray Bennett applied for a patent for his infant resuscitator on March 7, 1955. The patent was awarded in June 26, 1956.
1956 GBL Infant Resuscitator1956 GBL Infant Resuscitator
1956 GBL Infant Resuscitator
The GBL Infant Resuscitator is named for three pioneers who conducted research on neonatal resuscitation following WWII: Goddard, Bennett, and Lovelace.
Image from Debra Skees
GBL IHR-5 LabelGBL IHR-5 Label
GBL IHR-5 Label
With supplemental oxygen at 6L/min attached to the GBL, , the Infant Hand Resuscitator (IHR-5) could deliver an approximate FIO2 of 0.40. At 15 L/min, the GBL could deliver an approximate FIO2 of 0.75.
Image from Debra Skees
ambuambu
Ambu Bag
The AMBU was developed in 1956.
Image from Felix Khusid
1959 Handy OB Resuscitator1959 Handy OB Resuscitator
1959 Handy OB Resuscitator
Monaghan Hand ResuscitatorMonaghan Hand Resuscitator
Hand Resuscitator
Monaghan Model 63 Hand Resuscitator
Image from Felix Khusid
Venti-BreatherVenti-Breather
Venti-Breather
This ad for the Venti-Breather oral resuscitator appeared in a 1960 issue of the INHALATION THERAPY journal.
1961 "Artificial Respiration"1961 "Artificial Respiration"
1961 "Artificial Respiration"
Henning Ruben files a patent application on September 12, 1957 for his "Apparatus for Artificial Respiration." The patent was granted on November 21, 1961.
Porton Resuscitator adPorton Resuscitator ad
Porton Resuscitator ad
Porton Resuscitator ad from 1962
Image from Felix Khusid
IMG_7141IMG_7141
Porton Resuscitator
This Porton Resuscitator from 1962 is from the collection of Felix Khusid.
Image from Felix Khusid
Porton ResuscitatorPorton Resuscitator
Porton Resuscitator
The Porton Resuscitator was developed by the British War Office Experimental Research Establishment. It was distributed in the USA by Greiner Scientific Corporation.
Image from Felix Khusid
Porton Resuscitator InstructionsPorton Resuscitator Instructions
Porton Resuscitator Instructions
Item #7 of the Porton Resuscitator instructions recommended "to continue resuscitation until the patient breathes normally or for at least 2 hours."
Image from Felix Khusid
Ohio Hope ResuscitatorOhio Hope Resuscitator
Ohio Hope Resuscitator
The Ohio Hope Resuscitator is featured in this October 1965 ad from the INHALATION THERAPY journal.
Pediatric HopePediatric Hope
Pediatric Hope Resuscitation Bag
A Hope pediatric resuscitation bag is shown with a newborn sized mask.
Decatur County Memorial Hospital, Greensburg, Indiana
Melco Infant ResuscitatorMelco Infant Resuscitator
Melco Infant Resuscitator
This ad for the Melco Infant Resuscitator appeared in the August 1967 issue of the INHALATION THERAPY journal.
Resuci Folding BagResuci Folding Bag
Resuci Folding Bag
This ad for the Laerdal "Resuci Folding Bag for Resuscitation" appeared in the August 1968 issue of INHALATION THERAPY.
1973 PMR ad1973 PMR ad
1973 PMR ad
This image of the Puritan Manual Resuscitator (PMR) appeared in an ad in the May-June 1973 issue of our Journal.
1970s AMBU1970s AMBU
1970s AMBU
Image from Glenn Tammen
Baby AmbuBaby Ambu
Baby Ambu
Image from Robert Johnson
PMR with reservoirPMR with reservoir
PMR with reservoir
Image from Gregory Rittenhouse
PMR-2 with PEEPPMR-2 with PEEP
PMR-2 with PEEP
Puritan Manual Resuscitator-2 with auxiliary PEEP valve

mid 1970s
Image from Tony Ruppert
HOPE-2HOPE-2
HOPE-2
Resusable BVM resuscitator with oxygen reservoir circa 1970s
Image from Glenn Tammen
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