Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

An overview of  CPR and auxiliary equipment used in resuscitation is featured.

OverviewOverview
Overview
Precordial ThumpPrecordial Thump
Precordial Thump
The precordial thump was first reported in medical journals in 1920 and has been used in the treatment of ventricular tachycardia and monitored ventricular fib. It has fallen in and out of favor over the decades. It is often used for dramatic effect in medical shows on TV and movies.
1956 Mouth-to-Mouth1956 Mouth-to-Mouth
1956 Mouth-to-Mouth
Dr. Peter Safar and Dr. James Elam are credited with the invention of the mouth-to- mouth resuscitation technique.
Dr. Safar is considered to be the "father of Modern Resuscitation."
Mouth-to-Mouth ResuscitatorMouth-to-Mouth Resuscitator
Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitator
In August 1958, Robert Berman filed a patent application for his "Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitator". The patent was awarded on March 12, 1963
1960 CPR Developed1960 CPR Developed
1960 CPR Developed
1970 CPR1970 CPR
1970 CPR
This 1970 ad A.H. Robins stressed the importance of CPR training for future physicians and health care providers.
1970s CPR Pin1970s CPR Pin
1970s CPR Pin
Revised RatiosRevised Ratios
Revised Ratios
If you've been in respiratory care for any length of time, you've experienced a number of revisions to the recommended ratios for compressions to breaths delivered during CPR.
AHA GuidelinesAHA Guidelines
AHA Guidelines
The American Heart Association publishes and updates their guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care.
Image downloaded from AHA website: www.heart.org
1970s Reusci-Anne1970s Reusci-Anne
1970s Reusci-Anne
"Annie, Annie, are you OK?" Those words began every CPR training session....

The Reusci-Anne manikin was primarily used for CPR instruction but often was a participant in pranks pulled by the staff and students.
1970s Resusci-Anne's Case1970s Resusci-Anne's Case
1970s Resusci-Anne's Case
Resusci-Anne Training GaugesResusci-Anne Training Gauges
Resusci-Anne Training Gauges
Resusci-Anne's aneroid gauges visually indicated when proper tidal volumes and compressions were delivered.
Pediatric CPR PracticePediatric CPR Practice
Pediatric CPR Practice
Resuscitation EquipmentResuscitation Equipment
Resuscitation Equipment
Emergency Tackle BoxEmergency Tackle Box
Emergency Tackle Box
Supplies for emergency intubation were transported to emergency codes by the inhalation therapy staff in a tackle box. The contents were restocked after each use and the box relocked and checked on daily rounds.
Mouth OpenerMouth Opener
Mouth Opener
This device was inserted between the clenched upper and lower teeth, when possible, and rotated to open a clenched mouth.
Image from Colleen Schabacker
Oropharyngeal AirwaysOropharyngeal Airways
Oropharyngeal Airways
A variety of sizes of oropharyngeal airways are shown in this emergency kit.

For more images of oropharyngeal airways and related equipment, visit the Artificial Airways gallery.
Image from Gayle Carr
AMBU BagAMBU Bag
AMBU Bag
The AMBU bag was developed in 1956.
For more images of bag-valve-mask resuscitators, visit the Resuscitators gallery.
Image from Felix Khusid
Endotracheal TubesEndotracheal Tubes
Endotracheal Tubes
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
StyletStylet
Stylet
A stylet may be inserted into an endotracheal tube to provide stability to the tube during intubation.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
LaryngoscopeLaryngoscope
Laryngoscope
For more images of emergency airway equipment, visit the Artificial Airways gallery.
Emergency IntubationEmergency Intubation
Emergency Intubation
This respiratory therapist is shown positioning the endotracheal tube following endotracheal intubation.
Colorimetric CO2 IndicatorColorimetric CO2 Indicator
Colorimetric CO2 Indicator
During emergency intubation, confirmation of tube placement in the trachea rather than the esophagus is achieved using a CO2 indicator.
Image from Gayle Carr
Laryngeal Mask AirwayLaryngeal Mask Airway
Laryngeal Mask Airway
The Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) was developed by Dr. Archi Brain and has been in use since 1988. The supraglottic airway can be used for emergency airway management.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Portable Emergency OxygenPortable Emergency Oxygen
Portable Emergency Oxygen
Portable oxygen equipment was transported for codes and resuscitation calls in sites without piped in oxygen.
Image from James Sullivan
Claude Beck's DefibrillatorClaude Beck's Defibrillator
Claude Beck's Defibrillator
Defibrillation was first utilized by Dr. Claude Beck, a cardiac surgeon in 1947.
Image from Glenn Tammen
Late 1950s DefibrillatorLate 1950s Defibrillator
Late 1950s Defibrillator
1965 Crash Cart1965 Crash Cart
1965 Crash Cart
The first crash carts at Wesley Medical Center in Wichita, Kansas were donated in 1965 by Beech Aircraft.
Image from Aubrey Patterson
1969 Crash Cart1969 Crash Cart
1969 Crash Cart
A 1969 crash cart is pictured.
Image from Aubrey Patterson
1973 Brunswick Heart-Lung Resuscitator1973 Brunswick Heart-Lung Resuscitator
1973 Brunswick Heart-Lung Resuscitator
Image from James Sullivan
Heart-Lung ResuscitatorHeart-Lung Resuscitator
Heart-Lung Resuscitator
Image from Gregory Rittenhouse
Heart Lung Resuscitator LabelHeart Lung Resuscitator Label
Heart Lung Resuscitator Label
Image from Gregory Rittenhouse
H-L-RH-L-R
H-L-R
The HLR (Heart-Lung Resuscitator is demonstrated on a mannikin.
Image from Gregory Rittenhouse
1987 AED1987 AED
1987 AED
AED (automated external defibrillators) became available in the late 1980s and are now available in numerous public locations.
AED ElectrodeAED Electrode
AED Electrode
An AED electrode can be seen as CPR is performed on the patient.
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