Artificial Airways

Oropharyngeal AirwaysOropharyngeal Airways
Oropharyngeal Airways
An overview of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways, endotracheal tubes, tracheostomy tubes, and related devices.
Waters Oropharyngeal AirwayWaters Oropharyngeal Airway
Waters Oropharyngeal Airway
Before plastic was readily available, orophayngeal airways were constructed of metal.
Image from Felix Khusid
Lumbard Oropharyngeal AirwayLumbard Oropharyngeal Airway
1912 Lumbard Airway
Dr. Joseph Lumbard introduced the "tongue controller" airway in 1912.
Image from Felix Khishid
Connell AirwayConnell Airway
Connell Airway
#2 Oral Airway#2 Oral Airway
#2 Oral Airway
Image from Gene Gantt
Berman PatentBerman Patent
Berman Patent
On June 2, 1949, Robert A. Berman applied for a patent for his respiratory device, a non-metallic oropharyngeal airway. The patent was awarded on June 3, 1952.
Image US Patent and Tradmark Office
Berman AirwaysBerman Airways
Berman Airways
Image from Gayle Carr
Guedel AirwaysGuedel Airways
Guedel Airways
Image from Gayle Carr
Safar's "S" AirwaySafar's "S" Airway
Safar's "S" Airway
On August 8, 1958. Peter Safar and Martin McMahon filed a patent application for "Airway". The patent was granted on December 19, 1961.
Nasopharyngeal AirwaysNasopharyngeal Airways
Nasopharyngeal Airways
Nasopharyngeal AirwayNasopharyngeal Airway
Nasopharyngeal Airway
Endotracheal TubesEndotracheal Tubes
Endotracheal Tubes
Metal ET TubeMetal ET Tube
Metal ET Tube
A metal pediatric endotracheal tube, owned by Felix Khusid, is shown.
Image from Felix Khusid
Rusch ET TubesRusch ET Tubes
Rusch ET Tubes
1958 Transparent ET Tube1958 Transparent ET Tube
1958 Transparent ET Tube
This ad for transparent endotracheal tubes appeared in the September 1958 issue of the Inhalation Therapy journal
Cuffed ET TubesCuffed ET Tubes
Cuffed ET Tubes
Image from Gayle Carr
Bivona CuffBivona Cuff
Bivona Cuff
Bivona, Inc. filed filed a patent application on August 9, 1982 for a "Tracheal Tubes" invented by Seymour W. Shapiro. The patent , EP0072230 B1, was granted November 5, 1986.
Davol ET TubeDavol ET Tube
Davol ET Tube
A Davol endotracheal tube , circa 1967.
This tube measures 10 mm ID and 36 cm in length.
Image from Felix Khusid
Uncuffed ET TubesUncuffed ET Tubes
Uncuffed ET Tubes
Image from Gayle Carr
1975 Intubation Lab1975 Intubation Lab
1975 Intubation Lab
Charles McKnight is shown in this 1975 photo preparing his respiratory therapy students for an intubation skills lab at Lutheran Hospital, Moline, Illinois.
ET Tube and StyletteET Tube and Stylette
ET Tube and Stylette
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Duo Cuff ET TubeDuo Cuff ET Tube
Duo Cuff ET Tube
James O. Elam was awarded a patent on May 30, 1978 for his invention of a double cuffed, endotracheal tube.
CombiTubeCombiTube
CombiTube
The esophageal tracheal Combitube is shown.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
ETT Securement by TapeETT Securement by Tape
ETT Securement by Tape
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
ETT HolderETT Holder
ETT Holder
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
ET Tube HolderET Tube Holder
ET Tube Holder
LaryngoscopesLaryngoscopes
Laryngoscopes
Early LaryngoscopeEarly Laryngoscope
Early Laryngoscope
This early laryngoscope is from the collection of Gene Gantt.
Image from Gene Gantt
LaryngoscopeLaryngoscope
Laryngoscope
A laryngoscope handle and blades are shown.
MacIntosh BladesMacIntosh Blades
MacIntosh Blades
Image from Gayle Carr
MaGill BladesMaGill Blades
MaGill Blades
Image from Gayle Carr
Laryngoscope BladeLaryngoscope Blade
Laryngoscope Blade
This image of a golden laryngoscope blade was contributed by Felix Khusid.
Image from Felix Khusid
Tracheostomy TubesTracheostomy Tubes
Tracheostomy Tubes
1916 Tracheotomy1916 Tracheotomy
1916 Tracheotomy
This 1916 photo from a collection of historical medical photos was captioned:

"Tracheostomy Operation, Performed by a Russian Military Surgeon Poland. As the Russian surgeon steadies his knife two assistants steady the patient. The doctor is about to perform a tracheostomy with the patient sitting up. During wartime procedures were often performed in unorthodox ways."
Image from a collection shared by Aracely Bigelow
Jackson Uncuffed Trach TubeJackson Uncuffed Trach Tube
Jackson Uncuffed Trach Tube
Image from Gayle Carr
Uncuffed Jackson Trach TubeUncuffed Jackson Trach Tube
Uncuffed Jackson Trach Tube
The components of an uncuffed tube are shown: outer cannula, inner cannula, and obturator.
Trach tube with 15 mm adapterTrach tube with 15 mm adapter
Trach tube with 15 mm adapter
Trach TubesTrach Tubes
Trach Tubes
Image from Felix Khusid
Fenestrated Trach TubeFenestrated Trach Tube
Fenestrated Trach Tube
A Shiley fenestrated, cuffed trach tube is shown.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Bivona Fome CuffBivona Fome Cuff
Bivona Fome Cuff
A Bivona fome-cuff trach tube is shown.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Twill TiesTwill Ties
Twill Ties
Cotton twill tape can be used to secure the outer cannula of a trach tube.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Trach Tube HolderTrach Tube Holder
Trach Tube Holder
An adjustable, tracheostomy tube holder is shown.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Trach Tube HolderTrach Tube Holder
Trach Tube Holder
An adjustable, padded trach tube holder is shown.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Auxiliary-DevicesAuxiliary-Devices
Auxiliary Devices
Trach Care KitTrach Care Kit
Trach Care Kit
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Easy Cap CO2 DetectorEasy Cap CO2 Detector
Easy Cap CO2 Detector
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
CO2 IndicatorCO2 Indicator
CO2 Indicator
A colorimetric CO2 indicator is utilized to confirm that an endotracheal tube is positioned in the airway and not the esophagus.
Image from Gayle Carr
Bite BlockBite Block
Bite Block
A bite block can be inserted to prevent a patient from biting an oral endotracheal tube.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Magill ForcepsMagill Forceps
Magill Forceps
A Magill forceps may be required to assist with the placement of a nasoendotracheal tube.
Passy-Muir Speaking ValvePassy-Muir Speaking Valve
Passy-Muir Speaking Valve
The Passy Muir Valves are used to facilitate speech in patients in patients with tracheostomies and in ventilator dependent patients. The device was designed by David Muir in the mid-1980s after he spend several months on a ventilator and was frustrated by the inability to speak.
Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999
Bear Venti-VoiceBear Venti-Voice
Bear Venti-Voice
1980s - Bear's Venti-Voice Communication Aid
Image from Cheryl Hoerr
Posey CufflatorPosey Cufflator
Posey Cufflator
The Posey Cufflator could be used to inflate or deflate endotracheal cuffs as well as monitor the intracuff pressure.
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