Aerosol Delivery Devices
Early aerosol generators including atomizers, bulb nebulizers, small volume and large volume nebulizers are featured.
1858 First Portable Nebulizer
In 1858, Dr. Jean Sales-Girons introduced the portable nebulizer: the pulverisateur.
The Siegle Steam Spray producer incorporated steam from a small boiler to power the atomizer.
A Cresoline Lamp Vaporizer from the collection of Felix Khusid is pictured
1888 Smith's Atomizer
On December 18, 1888, Howard Smith was awarded a patent for his atomizer.
1889 Asthma Specific Inhaler
In 1889, Dr. Nathan Tucker reported that he provided "perfect relief and a cure" for asthma through his nasal inhaler.
1908 Ombredanne Inhaler
The Obredanne Inhaler (circa 1908) from Paris, France is shown.
1910 Bennett Inhaler
The cotton was saturated with analgesic or anesthetic agents. The patient inserted the device into the nares and inhaled the medication.
1920s Steam Inhaler
The Italian brass steam inhaler is from the collection of Felix Khusid.
1920's Steam Inhaler
This is the packaging for the 1920s brass steam inhaler from Italy. It was identified as the all brass Verona 30 F model.
1935 Pneumostat Ad
In the 1930s, an electric compressor nebulizer, the Pneumostat was introduced by Francis Riddell, Ltd. This ad is from 1935. The portable device weighed 9 pounds.
Can you imagine trying to clean and sterilize this unit?
1948 Aerohalor DPI
In 1948, Abbott Laboratories introduced a dry powder delivery system for the administration of penicillin G powder.
Circa 1900 DeVilbiss Atomizer
1909 Meinecke's Atomizer
On June 19, 1906, Christian W. Meinecke applied for a patent for an "Atomizer and Nebulizer". The patent was granted on April 20, 1909.
This vintage atomizer is from circa 1910.
This DeVilbiss #12 atomizer from the 1940s is from the collection of Felix Khusid.
The Wiesbadener Inspirol squeeze bulb nebulizer rested in a wooden base and included an attachment that insert into the nostrils.
The Glaseptic Nebulizer was produced from the early 1900s through the 1940s. The reservoir and mouthpiece were made of glass.
1930s Glaseptic Nebulizer
1940s Glass Nebulizer
1944 Penicillin Nasal Nebulizer
This combination device allowed the delivery of aersolized medication directly into the nasal cavity or could apply a slight negative pressure to drain the nasal cavities.
1948 Nasal Nebulizer Patent
In May 1948, Seymour N. Blackman et al filed a patent application for a nasal nebulizer. The patent was granted on October 18, 1949 and assigned to Premo Phamaceutical.
1940s Glass Nebulizer Instructions
This ad for Devilbiss nebulizers appeared in the September 1959 issue of Inhalation Therapy journal (Vol.4 No.3, p.4)
Glass Nebulizer 40
Although the materials have changed over the years, the design of the hand bulb has remained fairly constant. The pocket nebulizer does not require a compressor, electricity, or batteries---just manual compression of the bulb.
Assorted Atomizers and Nebulizers
An assortment of early atomizers and hand bulb nebulizers are shown.
The Wright jet-venturi nebulizer was introduced in the 1950s. It was engineered from perspex and ebonite.
1950s DeVilbiss ad
The Emerson Mini-Neb was used in the 1950s-1960s.
Bennett Twin Jet
1965 Bird Nebulizer Patent
In 1965, Dr. Forrest M. Bird and H.L. Pohndorf were awarded a patent for their small volume nebulizer.
A Bird nebulizer with a flow control adapter is shown.
1971 SVN Patent
In May 1971, a patent was awarded to Kentaro Takaoka for "Aerosol Nebulizer", a small volume nebulizer.
Several examples of SVNs from the 1970s are shown.
Assorted Small Volume Nebulizers
A variety of small volume nebulizers from multiple decades in the 20th century are pictured.
1990s Jet Nebulizer
A disassembled small volume jet nebulizer is shown.
1990s PARI Nebulizer
Mistogen Tepid Mist
This ad for Mistogen's Tepid Mist nebulizer appeared in the September 1958 issue of the Inhalation Therapy journal.
Puritan's All Purpose Nebulizer
1966 - Puritan's All Purpose Nebulizer
Puritan's All-Purpose Nebulizer offered three FIO2 settings (FIO2 0.40. 0.70, and 1.0) and an optional immersion heating element.
Dual Operation Units
A variety of devices which could operate as either humidifiers or nebulizers are shown.
1967 Bird Nebulizer
The patent application was filed on April 13, 1965 by for Dr. Forrest Bird et al for "Nebulizer. Tha patent was granted on November 21, 1967.
Bird Large Volume Nebulizer
DeVilbiss 65 USN
The control panel of the DeVilbiss Model 65 Ultrasonic Nebulizer is shown.
Devilbiss USN with Bird
A Bird ventilator is shown connected to a Devilbiss ultrasonic nebulizer.
Devilbiss USN with PR-2
A Devilbiss ultrasonic nebulizer is connected to a Bennett PR-2 in this 1970s photo.
DeVilbiss Ultra-Neb 99
1970 Mistogen CS/143
This ad for the Mistogen CS/143 ultrasonic nebulizer appeared in the December 1970 issue of the INHALATION THERAPY journal.
1970 Mistogen USN
The ultrasonic nebulizers were used for intermittent and continuous aerosol therapy.
1970s Monaghan 670
The Monaghan 670 was an ultrasonic nebulizer.
1970s Babington Nebulizers
Examples of Babington nebulizers are shown.
The internal components of a Solosphere nebulizer is shown. The Solosphere operated on the Babington principle.
1980 Babington Patent
The Babington principle was first described in the early 1970s. In 1977, Robert Babington applied for a patent for his "Apparatus for Producing a Finely Divided Liquid Spray." The patent was awarded in October 1980. The Babington principle was utilized in nebulizers for medical and industrial applications.
The SPAG (Small Particle Aerosol Generator) was a pneumatic nebulizer used for the administration of aerosolized ribavirin.
Small Particle Aerosol Generator -2 6000 series
1990s Hudson RCI Nebulizer
The Hudson RCI disposable, large volume nebulizer has variable FIO2 settings and a 500mL capacity reservoir.
This ad from a 1962 issue of the INHALATION THERAPY journal shows staff from Oxyequip modeling their company's face tents.
Trach & Laryngectomy Masks
In this 1958 ad, trach and laryngectomy masks are featured.
1950s Trach Mask
A PARI Sprint nebulizer with mouthpiece is shown.
Dragon Face Mask
Dragon pediatric face mask circa late 1990s
PARI "Bubbles" Face Mask
Fun character masks enhance compliance of aerosol treatments in pediatric patients..
A PARI "Bubbles the Fish" mask and elbow adapter is shown.