Overview

The Pulmotor

The Pulmotor

The Dräger Pulmotor was developed in 1907 by Johann Heinrich Dräger. The device, operated by pressurized oxygen, created alternating positive and negative pressure. This early ventilator was initially used as a portable resuscitator in the mining industry.

Image from Dräger

Dräger Pulmotor

Dräger Pulmotor

1907 Pulmotor

1907 Pulmotor

Dräger produced their first resuscitator, the Pulmotor, in 1907. The Pulmotor remained in use until the 1940s.

Image from James Sullivan

1912 Draeger Patent

1912 Draeger Patent

Johann Heinrich Draeger filed a patent application on September 7, 1910 and received the patent from the United States Patent Office on November 12, 1912 for his invention: Method of Causing Artificial Respiration.

1913 Resuscitation Article

1913 Resuscitation Article

In 1913, S.H. Cooper authored an article entitled "Restoring the Breath of Life" that promoted the widespread use of the modified pulmotor resuscitator.

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

Resuscitator Training

Resuscitator Training

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1920 Artificial Respirator

1920 Artificial Respirator

Clarence Heald of Cedar Rapids, Iowa applied for a patent for an "Artificial Respirator" on May 8, 1918. The patent was granted on April 20, 1920.

Resuscitation with Carbogen

Resuscitation with Carbogen

In the 1920s, carbon dioxide and oxygen mixtures were often administered during resuscitation efforts.

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

H-H Inhalator

H-H Inhalator

In 1924, Dr. Yandell Henderson and Dr. Howard W. Haggard invented the H-H Inhalator, a resuscitation device that delivered carbogen "in conjunction with artificial respiration." The device was manufactured by Mine Safety Appliances , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

H-H Inhalator

H-H Inhalator

This segment of an H-H Inhalator from the 1920s is owned by Wendy Dunlop.

Image from Wendy Dunlop

Schaefer Prone Pressure Method

Schaefer Prone Pressure Method

Dr. Edward Schaefer introduced the prone pressure method of artificial respiration. The method was recommended for use with the H-H Inhalator.

1940s McKesson Resuscitator

1940s McKesson Resuscitator

Image from James Sullivan

Kreiselman Patent

Kreiselman Patent

Joseph Kreiselman filed a patent application on April 10, 1943 for his resuscitator. The patent was awarded on April 7, 1946.

Kreiselman Resuscitator

Kreiselman Resuscitator

The Kreiselman Resuscitator was designed by Dr. Joseph Kreiselman for use during WWII. Ohio Corp. marketed the resuscitator from the 1940s-1960s.

Image from Marby McKinney

Kreiselman Resuscitator

Kreiselman Resuscitator

Image from Felix Khusid

Kreiselman Resuscitator

Kreiselman Resuscitator

The accordian-like Kreiselman Resuscitator ,manufactured by the Ohio Chemical and Surgical Equipment Company in Madison, Wisconsin., is shown expanded in this view.

Image from Felix Khusid

Kresielman Resuscitator

Kresielman Resuscitator

The identification plate for the Ohio Kresiselman Resuscitator is shown.

Image from Marby McKinney

1946 Bassinet Resucitator

1946 Bassinet Resucitator

The Ohio-Kreiselman Infant Bassinet Resuscitator combined a bassinet that provided oxygen under positive pressure with an aspirator and a heater.

1947 Emerson Resuscitator

1947 Emerson Resuscitator

J.H. "Jack" Emerson filed a patent application on February 17, 1945 for a "Pressure Resuscitator." The patent was awarded on October 7, 1947

Emerson Resuscitator

Emerson Resuscitator

The Emerson Resuscitator, patented in 1949, offered the dual function of resuscitator and aspirator.

Keith Hirst photographed this Emerson Resuscitator during a visit to the Boothbay Railway Village, Boothbay, Maine.

Image from Keith Hirst

IT and Resucitation

IT and Resucitation

"Inhalation Therapy and Resuscitation" by Meyer Saklad, MD was published in 1953.

1956 Bennett Patent

1956 Bennett Patent

V. Ray Bennett applied for a patent for his infant resuscitator on March 7, 1955. The patent was awarded in June 26, 1956.

1956 GBL Infant Resuscitator

1956 GBL Infant Resuscitator

The GBL Infant Resuscitator is named for three pioneers who conducted research on neonatal resuscitation following WWII: Goddard, Bennett, and Lovelace .

Image from Debra Skees

GBL IHR-5 Label

GBL IHR-5 Label

With supplemental oxygen at 6L/min attached to the GBL, , the Infant Hand Resuscitator (IHR-5) could deliver an approximate FIO2 of 0.40. At 15 L/min, the GBL could deliver an approximate FIO2 of 0.75.

Image from Debra Skees

Ambu Bag

Ambu Bag

The AMBU was developed in 1956.

Image from Felix Khusid

1959 Handy OB Resuscitator

1959 Handy OB Resuscitator

Hand Resuscitator

Hand Resuscitator

Monaghan Model 63 Hand Resuscitator

Image from Felix Khusid

1961 “Artificial Respiration”

1961 “Artificial Respiration”

Henning Ruben files a patent application on September 12, 1957 for his "Apparatus for Artificial Respiration." The patent was granted on November 21, 1961.

1973 PMR ad

1973 PMR ad

This image of the Puritan Manual Resuscitator (PMR) appeared in an ad in the May-June 1973 issue of our Journal.

1970s AMBU

1970s AMBU

Image from Glenn Tammen

Baby Ambu

Baby Ambu

Image from Robert Johnson

PMR-2 with PEEP

PMR-2 with PEEP

Puritan Manual Resuscitator-2 with auxiliary PEEP valve

mid 1970s

Image from Tony Ruppert

HOPE-2

HOPE-2

Resusable BVM resuscitator with oxygen reservoir circa 1970s

Image from Glenn Tammen

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