Oxygen
Tents

1920s Oxygen Tent

1920s Oxygen Tent

Image from Steve & Mary DeGenaro

1932 Pediatric Oxygen Tent

1932 Pediatric Oxygen Tent

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1932 Adult Oxygen Tent

1932 Adult Oxygen Tent

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1930s Dry Ice Oxygen Tent

1930s Dry Ice Oxygen Tent

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1934 Oxygen Tent

1934 Oxygen Tent

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1930s Premie Tent

1930s Premie Tent

This photo from the 1930s shows an oxygen tent used in the treatment of a premature infant at Boston Children's Hospital.

Image from Boston Children's Hospital Archives

1940s Oxygen Tent

1940s Oxygen Tent

Image from Dennis Glover

1956 Bunn Oxygen Tent

1956 Bunn Oxygen Tent

1950 Oxygen Tent

1950 Oxygen Tent

Image from Dennis Glover

OEM Mechanette

OEM Mechanette

The OEM Mechanette Pediatric Tent was used between 1956-1964

Image from Felix Khusid

OEM Mechanette Tent

OEM Mechanette Tent

OEM Mechanette Tent

Image from Felix Khusid

mid-1950s Croupette

mid-1950s Croupette

The Air-Shields Croupette used ice to lower the temperature in the canopy.

1960 Ad for Ice-free Pediatric Tents

1960 Ad for Ice-free Pediatric Tents

1960s Mistogen CAM Tent

1960s Mistogen CAM Tent

1967 Cameto’s Oxygen Tent Patent

1967 Cameto’s Oxygen Tent Patent

L. R. Cameto’s Patent for Oxygen Tent Atmospheric Conditioning Apparatus

Pediatric Tent – Critical Warning to Parents and Visitors

Pediatric Tent – Critical Warning to Parents and Visitors

Image from Kerry George

1999 Ohio 360 Pediatric Tent

1999 Ohio 360 Pediatric Tent

Image from Kerry George

Oxygen
Chamber

1930 Oxygen Chamber Patent

1930 Oxygen Chamber Patent

J.F. Hanrahan’s Patent for the Oxygen Chamber

1936 Oxygen Chamber

1936 Oxygen Chamber

Two options for oxygen circulation in an oxygen chamber are shown in these drawings from 1936.

Image from David Lucas

Oxygen
Hoods

1940s Oxygen Hood

1940s Oxygen Hood

Image from Steve & Mary DeGenaro

1947 Oxygen Hood Patent

1947 Oxygen Hood Patent

C. J. Lamberteen’s Oxygen Hood

1960s Oxygen Hood

1960s Oxygen Hood

Oxygen Hood

Oxygen Hood

A controlled oxygen enriched environment is delivered to a newborn via an oxygen hood.

Image from KUMC Respiratory Care Program

1995 Oxygen Hood

1995 Oxygen Hood

Image from Karen Schell

1990s DisposaHood

1990s DisposaHood

Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999

1995 Oxyhood Used in a Level II Nursery

1995 Oxyhood Used in a Level II Nursery

Image from Karen Schell

Hyperbaric
Oxygen

1924 Hyperbaric Chamber

1924 Hyperbaric Chamber

One of the earliest hyperbaric chambers in the world was developed at New York's Mt. Sinai Hospital and is shown in this 1924 photo.

Image from a collection shared by Aracely Bigelow

1928 The Cunningham Sanitarium, a multi-place hyperbaric oxygen facility

1928 The Cunningham Sanitarium, a multi-place hyperbaric oxygen facility

Dr. Orval J. Cunningham opened this large hyperbaric chamber in 1928 in Cleveland, Ohio. Known as the Cunningham Sanitarium, this large million dollar, multi-place hyperbaric chamber could accommodate 40 patients. After the stock market crash in 1929, the facility struggled financially and eventually closed. In 1942, the U.S. War Production Office ordered the metal structure to be dismantled and scrapped to support the war efforts.

Image from Roger Huber

Oxygen Sanitarium

Oxygen Sanitarium

The Cunningham multi-place hyperbaric facility in Cleveland, Ohio is shown on the far right. It is identified as an oxygen sanitarium on this postcard.

1930s Multi-place Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber

1930s Multi-place Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber

1930s

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1960s Linde’s Mobile Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber

1960s Linde’s Mobile Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber

1960s

1960s Topical Oxygen Therapy Sleeve for Wound Management

1960s Topical Oxygen Therapy Sleeve for Wound Management

Topical oxygen therapy encompasses an airtight bag sealed around the wounded surface of a limb and high flow oxygen is fed into the bag flowing over the wound. Oxygen is provided to the surface of the wound by diffusion.
Topical oxygen is sometimes labeled as topical hyperbaric oxygen therapy, but this is incorrect. In hyperbaric oxygen, the entire body is exposed to supra-atmospheric pressure and the patient is exposed to increased oxygen pressure by ventilation--thus the increased oxygen pressure is delivered to the wound by perfusion. In topical oxygen therapy, the oxygen is provided to the surface of the wound, and oxygen is delivered to the wound by diffusion at the skin's surface. The mechanisms of oxygen delivery are thus completely different. Advocates for this type of therapy cite decreased costs and increased safety for its usage over hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Since neither CMS nor private payors reimburse for this therapy it has fallen into relative disuse.

1987 Perry Dual Place Hyperbaric Chamber

1987 Perry Dual Place Hyperbaric Chamber

1987

Image from Roger Huber

1990s Sechrist Monoplace Hyperbaric Chamber

1990s Sechrist Monoplace Hyperbaric Chamber

1990s

Image Roger Huber

Incubators

1940s Protective Gear

1940s Protective Gear

Prior to caring for premature infants in the 1940s, anyone who entered the Premature Station were required to wear a cap, mask, and gown. This photo is from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1940s Cubicle Incubator

1940s Cubicle Incubator

This photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois shows cubicle incubators that were used in the early Premature Station in Peoria, Illinois.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1940s Clark Incubator

1940s Clark Incubator

This 1940s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois shows a premature infant in a Clark incubator.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1940s Clark Incubator

1940s Clark Incubator

This photo from the 1940s Premature Center at St. Francis Hospital in Peoria, Illinois shows an infant in a Clark incubator.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1949 Portable Incubator Patent

1949 Portable Incubator Patent

J.L. Pragel’s Patent for a Portable Infant Incubator was awarded in 1949.

1950s Davidson Incubator

1950s Davidson Incubator

A premature infant in a 1950s Davidson incubator is shown in this photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois .

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1950s Pragel’s Portable Incbator

1950s Pragel’s Portable Incbator

1950s

Image from Dennis Glover

1950s Interior of Pragel’s Portable Incubator

1950s Interior of Pragel’s Portable Incubator

1950s

Image from Dennis Glover

1951 Incubators

1951 Incubators

In this photo from 1951, incubators in the premature center in Peoria Illinois are shown.

Image from Joseph Witherspoon

1951 Incubator and Nursery Equipment

1951 Incubator and Nursery Equipment

1951

Image from Joseph Witherspoon

1950s Bunn Baby’s Haven

1950s Bunn Baby’s Haven

This ad for the Bunn Baby's Haven appeared in the December 1959 issue of the Inhalation Therapy journal. The Baby's Haven was the first stainless steel incubator.

1955 Armstrong Incubator

1955 Armstrong Incubator

In June 1951, Gordon Armstrong et al applied for a patent for an "explosion proof baby incubator." the patent was awarded on April 19, 1955.

1960s Armstrong Incubator

1960s Armstrong Incubator

This 1960s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois in Peoria, Illinois shows staff caring for premature infants in Armstrong incubators.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Incubators without sideports

Incubators without sideports

Some early models of incubators only allowed access to the infant by lifting the lid of the enclosure. This photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois, shows two incubators with the lids lifted open to allow staff access to the infants.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1960s Neonatal Critical Care Unit

1960s Neonatal Critical Care Unit

The Neonatal Critical Care Unit in Peoria, Illinois is shown in this 1960s photos from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Exam of Premie

Exam of Premie

This photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois shows a physician examining a premie in an incubator.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1960s NICU

1960s NICU

This 1960s photo shows an early NICU room filled with incubators at OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois in Peoria, Illinois.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1960s Transport in Incubators

1960s Transport in Incubators

In this 1960s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois, the transport by ambulance of two premature infants in portable incubators is shown.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Monitoring the FIO2 of an Isolette

Monitoring the FIO2 of an Isolette

In this early 1970s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois in Peoria, Illinois, a staff member in the Neonatal Center is shown monitoring the oxygen concentration in the Isolette.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Monitoring weight in an Isolette

Monitoring weight in an Isolette

In this 1970s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois, a nurse is shown weighing an infant inside an Isolette.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Nursing Care of Premie

Nursing Care of Premie

In this 1960s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois, a nurse provides care to a premie in an Isolette.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

Cleaning an Isolette

Cleaning an Isolette

In this 1970s photo from the archives of OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois, a staff member is shown cleaning an Isolette.

Image from OSF HealthCare Children's Hospital of Illinois

1970 Ohio Transport Incubator

1970 Ohio Transport Incubator

This ad for the Ohio Intensive Care Transport Incubator appeared in the December 1970 issue of the INHALATION THERAPY journal.

1982 Isolette

1982 Isolette

1982

Image from Trudy Watson

1995 Isolette

1995 Isolette

1995

Image from Karen Schell

Images to share?

Images to share?