Early
Devices

1858 First Portable Nebulizer

1858 First Portable Nebulizer

In 1858, Dr. Jean Sales-Girons introduced the portable nebulizer: the pulverisateur.

Image from Mark Sanders

1864 Siegle Inhaler

1864 Siegle Inhaler

The Siegle Steam Spray producer incorporated steam from a small boiler to power the atomizer.

1880s Vaporizer

1880s Vaporizer

Image from Felix Khusid

1883 Vaporizer

1883 Vaporizer

A Cresoline Lamp Vaporizer from the collection of Felix Khusid is pictured

Image from Felix Khusid

1888 Smith’s Atomizer

1888 Smith’s Atomizer

On December 18, 1888, Howard Smith was awarded a patent for his atomizer.

1889 Asthma Specific Inhaler

1889 Asthma Specific Inhaler

In 1889, Dr. Nathan Tucker reported that he provided "perfect relief and a cure" for asthma through his nasal inhaler.

Image from Gene Gantt

1910 Bennett Inhaler

1910 Bennett Inhaler

The cotton was saturated with analgesic or anesthetic agents. The patient inserted the device into the nares and inhaled the medication.

Image from Gene Gantt

1920s Steam Inhaler

1920s Steam Inhaler

The Italiian brass steam inhaler is from the collection of Felix Khusid.

Image from Felix Khusid

1920’s Steam Inhaler

1920’s Steam Inhaler

This is the packaging for the 1920s brass steam inhaler from Italy. It was identified as the all brass Verona 30 F model.

Image from Felix Khusid

1935 Pneumostat Ad

1935 Pneumostat Ad

In the 1930s, an electric compressor nebulizer, the Pneumostat was introduced by Francis Riddell, Ltd. This ad is from 1935. The portable device weighed 9 pounds.

Image from Mark Sanders

1940s Nebulizer

1940s Nebulizer

Can you imagine trying to clean and sterilize this unit?

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

1948 Aerohalor DPI

1948 Aerohalor DPI

In 1948, Abbott Laboratories introduced a dry powder delivery system for the administration of penicillin G powder.

Image from Mark Sanders

Atomizers

Circa 1900 Devilbiss Atomizer

Circa 1900 Devilbiss Atomizer

Image from Dennis Glover

1909 Meinecke’s Atomizer

1909 Meinecke’s Atomizer

On June 19, 1906, Christian W. Meinecke applied for a patent for an "Atomizer and Nebulizer". The patent was granted on April 20, 1909.

1910 Atomizer

1910 Atomizer

This vintage atomizer is from circa 1910.

Terry DesJardins

DeVilbiss #12

DeVilbiss #12

This Devilbiss #12 atomizer from the 1940s is from the collection of Felix Khusid.

Image from Felix Khusid

1940s Atomizer

1940s Atomizer

Image from Dennis Glover

DeVilbiss Atomizer

DeVilbiss Atomizer

Image from Angela Eaton

Hand
Bulb

Wiesbadener Inspirol

Wiesbadener Inspirol

The Wiesbadener Inspirol squeeze bulb nebulizer rested in a wooden base and included an attachment that insert into the nostrils.

Image from Felix Khusid

1930s Glaseptic Nebulizer

1930s Glaseptic Nebulizer

Image from Dennis Glover

1940s Glass Nebulizer

1940s Glass Nebulizer

Image from Dennis Glover

1944 Penicillin Nasal Nebulizer

1944 Penicillin Nasal Nebulizer

This combination device allowed the delivery of aersolized medication directly into the nasal cavity or could apply a slight negative pressure to drain the nasal cavities.

1948 Nasal Nebulizer Patent

1948 Nasal Nebulizer Patent

In May 1948, Seymour N. Blackman et al filed a patent application for a nasal nebulizer. The patent was granted on October 18, 1949 and assigned to Premo Phamaceutical.

Image from United States Patent Office

1940s Glass Nebulizer Instructions

1940s Glass Nebulizer Instructions

Image from Steve and Mary DeGenaro

Devilbiss ad

Devilbiss ad

This ad for Devilbiss nebulizers appeared in the September 1959 issue of Inhalation Therapy journal (Vol.4 No.3, p.4)

Glass Nebulizer 40

Glass Nebulizer 40

Image from Dennis Glover

Pocket Nebulizer

Pocket Nebulizer

Although the materials have changed over the years, the design of the hand bulb has remained fairly constant. The pocket nebulizer does not require a compressor, electricity, or batteries---just manual compression of the bulb.

Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999

Small
Volume

Wright Nebulizer

Wright Nebulizer

The Wright jet-venturi nebulizer was introduced in the 1950s. It was engineered from perspex and ebonite.

1950s DeVilbiss ad

1950s DeVilbiss ad

Emerson MiniNeb

Emerson MiniNeb

The Emerson Mini-Neb was used in the 1950s-1960s.

Image from Felix Khusid

Bennett Twin Jet

Bennett Twin Jet

Image from Felix Khushid

1965 Bird Nebulizer Patent

1965 Bird Nebulizer Patent

In 1965, Dr. Forest M. Bird and H.L. Pohndorf were awarded a patent for their small volume nebulizer.

Bird Nebulizer

Bird Nebulizer

Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999

1971 SVN Patent

1971 SVN Patent

In May 1971, a patent was awarded to Kentaro Takaoka for "Aerosol Nebulizer", a small volume nebulizer.

1990s Jet Nebulizer

1990s Jet Nebulizer

A disassembled small volume jet nebulizer is shown.

Image from Trudy Watson

1970s SVNs

1970s SVNs

Several examples of SVNs from the 1970s are shown.

Image from Dennis Glover

1990s PARI Nebulizer

1990s PARI Nebulizer

Image from Dianne Lewis

Large
Volume

Puritan’s All Purpose Nebulizer

Puritan’s All Purpose Nebulizer

Image from Kerry George

1966 -Puritan’s All Purpose Nebulizer

1966 -Puritan’s All Purpose Nebulizer

Puritan’s All-Purpose

Puritan’s All-Purpose

Puritan's All-Purpose Nebulizer offered three FIO2 settings (FIO2 0.40. 0.70, and 1.0) and an optional immersion heating element.

Image from Kerry George

1967 Bird Nebulizer

1967 Bird Nebulizer

The patent application was filed on April 13, 1965 by for Dr. Forrest Bird et al for "Nebulizer. Tha patent was granted on November 21, 1967.

Bird Large Volume Nebulizer

Bird Large Volume Nebulizer

Illinois Central College Archives. 1999

DeVilbiss 65 USN

DeVilbiss 65 USN

The control panel of the DeVilbiss Model 65 Ultrasonic Nebulizer is shown.

Devilbiss USN with Bird

Devilbiss USN with Bird

A Bird ventilator is shown connected to a Devilbiss ultrasonic nebulizer.

Image from the Respiratory Care Department. OSF St. Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL

Devilbiss USN with PR-2

Devilbiss USN with PR-2

A Devilbiss ultrasonic nebulizer is connected to a Bennett PR-2 in this 1970s photo.

DeVilbiss Ultra-Neb 99

DeVilbiss Ultra-Neb 99

Image from Marby McKinney

1970 Mistogen USN

1970 Mistogen USN

The ultrasonic nebulizers were used for intermittent and continuous aerosol therapy.

Image from Tony Ruppert

1970s Monaghan 670

1970s Monaghan 670

The Monaghan 670 was an ultrasonic nebulizer.

Image from Jim Ciolek

1970s Babington Nebulizers

1970s Babington Nebulizers

Examples of Babington nebulizers are shown.

Image from Tony Ruppert

1973 Solosphere

1973 Solosphere

The internal components of a Solosphere nebulizer is shown. The Solosphere operated on the Babington principle.

Image from Kerry George

1980 Babington Patent

1980 Babington Patent

The Babington principle was first described in the early 1970s. In 1977, Robert Babington applied for a patent for his "Apparatus for Producing a Finely Divided Liquid Spray." The patent was awarded in October 1980. The Babington principle was utilized in nebulizers for medical and industrial applications.

1987  SPAG-2

1987 SPAG-2

The SPAG (Small Particle Aerosol Generator) was a pneumatic nebulizer used for the administration of aerosolized ribavirin.

Image from Brian Eggemeyer, Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center, St. Louis, MO

SPAG-2 6000

SPAG-2 6000

Small Particle Aerosol Generator -2 6000 series

Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999

1990s Hudson RCI Nebulizer

1990s Hudson RCI Nebulizer

The Hudson RCI disposable, large volume nebulizer has variable FIO2 settings and a 500mL capacity reservoir.

Image from Illinois Central College Archives, 1999

Patient
Interfaces

Face Tent

Face Tent

Trach & Laryngectomy Masks

Trach & Laryngectomy Masks

In this 1958 ad, trach and laryngectomy masks are featured.

1950s Trach Mask

1950s Trach Mask

Image from Felix Khusid

Mouthpiece

Mouthpiece

A PARI Sprint nebulizer with mouthpiece is shown.

Image from Dianne Lewis

T-piece

T-piece

Dragon Face Mask

Dragon Face Mask

Dragon pediatric face mask circa late 1990s

Image from Trudy Watson

PARI “Bubbles” Face Mask

PARI “Bubbles” Face Mask

Fun character masks enhance compliance of aerosol treatments in pediatric patients..

A PARI "Bubbles the Fish" mask and elbow adapter is shown.

Image from Dianne Lewis

Aerosol Mask and PARI Nebulizer

Aerosol Mask and PARI Nebulizer

Image from Dianne Lewis

Compressors

1950s Emerson Aerosol Compressor

1950s Emerson Aerosol Compressor

1950s Aerosol Pump

1950s Aerosol Pump

MediMist Compressor

MediMist Compressor

DeVilbiss Compressor

DeVilbiss Compressor

Image from Dianne Lewis

Devilbiss Pulmo-Aide

Devilbiss Pulmo-Aide

DeVilbiss PulmoMate

DeVilbiss PulmoMate

Pediatric Compressor

Pediatric Compressor

To appeal to the pediatric patient with asthma, compressors were designed in a variety of animal and toy shapes.

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